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Editorial Board

Editor-in-Chief
Editor-in-Chief
Pan-Dong Ryu Seoul National University, Republic of Korea
Associate Editors
Associate Editors
Younbyoung Chae Kyung Hee University, Republic of Korea
Eun Jung Kim Dongguk University, Republic of Korea
Hee Young Kim Daegu Haany University, Republic of Korea
Min su Kim Seoul National University, Republic of Korea
Young Woo Kim Dongguk University, Republic of Korea
Sungtae Koo Pusan National University, Republic of Korea
Chan-Young Kwon Dong-Eui University, Republic of Korea
Bong Hyo Lee Daegu Haany University, Republic of Korea
Hyangsook Lee Kyung Hee University, Republic of Korea
Hossein Ayati Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Iran
Advisory Editors
Advisory Editors
Lev Georgievich Agasarov Moscow Medical Academy, Russia
Brigitte Ausfeld-Hafter Institute for Complementary Medicine KIKOM, Switzerland
Winfried E. Banzer Wolfgang Goethe-Universitat, Germany
Dorit Gamus Sheba Medical Center, Israel
Merrijoy Kelner University of Toronto, Canada
Richard Niemtzow Air Force Acupuncture Center, United States
Roeland Van Wijk Leiden University, Netherlands
Senior Editors
Senior Editors
George David Baxter University of Otago, New Zealand
Fabrizio Benedetti University of Turin Medical School, Italy
Kevin Chen University of Maryland School of Medicine, United States
Dominik Irnich Ludwig Maximilians University Munich, Germany
Peter Johnstone Moffitt Cancer Center, United States
Mieko Kurosawa International University of Health and Welfare, Japan
Lixing Lao University of Hong Kong School of Chinese Medicine, Hong Kong
Jaung-Geng Lin China Medical University, Taiwan
Yuan Lin Southern Medical University, China
Thomas Lundeberg Karolinska Institute, Sweden
Moriya Ohkuma Kindai University, Japan
Sanjay Srivastava Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center, United States
Miroslav Stefanov Trakia University Stara Zagora, Bulgaria
Charlie Changli Xue School of Health Sciences, RMIT University, Australia
Chun-Su Yuan University of Chicago, United States
Editorial Advisory Board
Editorial Advisory Board
Felicity Bishop University of Southampton, United Kingdom
William C.S Cho Queen Elizabeth Hospital, Hong Kong
Richard Harris University of Michigan Medical School, United States
Myeong Soo Lee Korea Institute of Oriental Medicine
Gerhard Litscher Medical University of Graz, Austria
Suzanna M. Zick University of Michigan, United States
Christopher Zaslawski University of Technology Sydney, Sydney, Australia
Ronald Koh UC davis College of Veterinary Medicine, United States
Rongjie Zhao Qiqihar Medical University, China
Sae Uchida Tokyo Metropolitan Institute of Gerontology, Japan
Yu Fan Nanjing University of Chinese Medicine, China
Managerial Executive Committee Chair
Managerial Executive Committee Chair
In-Jung Kang Medical Association of Pharmacopuncture Institute, Republic of Korea
Affairs
Affairs
Byungsoo Ahn Korean Pharmacopuncture Institute, Republic of Korea
Administrative Manager
Administrative Manager
Seoyoon Kim Korean Pharmacopuncture Institute, Republic of Korea

Journal Info

JOURNAL OF MICROBIOLOGY AND BIOTECHNOLOGY
April, 2021
Vol.14 No.2

pISSN 2005-2901
eISSN 2093-8152

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  • Editorial2020-04-01
  • Case Report2021-02-28

    Abstract : The present case study illustrates the case of a 47-year-old female (Ms X) with primary progressive Multiple Sclerosis (MS) who presented with central post-stroke pain (CPSP) over her left shoulder and underwent acupuncture treatment (AT) since she appeared irresponsive to conventional treatment. The aim of this case study is to explore the effectiveness of acupuncture as a complimentary treatment in improving central neurogenic pain in MS patients affected by CPSP. AT lasted six weeks, some modification of the conventional AT points was required to ensure continuity and safety of the treatment plan. In fact, Ms X suffered from gingivitis that led to hypersensitivity of her left upper limb (UL) to acupuncture needling; moreover, she experienced sensation loss in her legs as a result of post-stroke complications. The outcome showed that the subject’s shoulder range of motion (ROM), Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand (DASH) score and pain improved remarkably, enabling Ms X to resume post-stroke rehabilitation and reduce her analgesic intake.

    Abstract
  • Research Article2020-12-01

    Abstract : Background: Anxiety is a common complaint of patients before diagnostic or therapeutic invasive procedures, especially before open-heart surgery. The most well-known method to reduce anxiety is the use of sedatives, which have pronounced side effects. Objectives: The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of acupressure on anxiety in patients undergoing open-heart surgery. Method: This is a randomized clinical trial study conducted on 90 patients who were candidates for open-heart surgery. The patients were randomly assigned into either intervention or control groups. Acupressure intervention was applied at three real acupoints over two consecutive days in the intervention group. The control group received acupressure on sham points. We used Spielberger State-Trait Anxiety Inventory to assess anxiety in our study. Results: The results showed that before acupressure, there was no statistically significant difference between state anxiety scores and intergroup traits, and this difference was only significant in state anxiety after the second intervention. State and trait anxiety were significant before and after the intervention in the test group, respectively include (p < 0.001) (p = 0.01), but these changes in the control group did not show a statistically significant difference. After completing the second phase of the intervention at the actual sites, systolic blood pressure (p = 0.007) and heart rate (p = 0.001) decreased significantly. However, acupressure did not have a significant effect on diastolic blood pressure in any of the groups. Conclusion: Based on the results of this study, the application of acupressure in patients who are candidates for open-heart surgery can reduce their state anxiety. Further larger-scale and rigorous studies are warranted.

    Abstract
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  • Research Article2021-02-28

    Abstract : Background: Pain is a major complaint in cancer patients and a global problem that requires medical attention, including pain in cervical cancer. Although pharmacotherapy has been used for the treatment of cancer pain, there are still around 40% cannot be treated only with pharmacotherapy. Objectives: To determine the effects of electroacupuncture (EA) on pain in stage III cervical cancer patients. Methods: Twenty-eight stage III cervical cancer patients were divided into two groups (14 treatments and 14 controls) with randomized control trial design. The treatment group received EA with a frequency of 2/20-25 Hz at points of ST36, SP6, LI4 and LR3 for 30 minutes, while the control group did not receive EA. Both groups were given paracetamol and codeine at the same dose. Assessment was carried out by measuring pain scale (VAS), plasma β-endorphin levels, and quality of life/QoL (EORTC QLQ-C30) before and after therapy. Results: The average reduction in VAS in the treatment group (2.71 ± 1.14) compared to the control group (0.71 ± 1.33; p < 0.001), average increase in plasma β-endorphin levels in the treatment group (88.57 ± 52.46 pg/ml) compared to the control group (12.86 ± 56.76 pg/ml; p = 0.001), and in QoL, there were significant differences in symptom improvement between the treatment and control groups in the domain of fatigue, pain, insomnia and overall QoL (p < 0.05). Conclusion: Medical therapy combined with EA decreased pain scale, increased plasma β-endorphin levels, and improved the QoL for stage III cervical cancer patients.

    Abstract
  • Research Article2020-12-01

    Abstract : Background: Anxiety is a common complaint of patients before diagnostic or therapeutic invasive procedures, especially before open-heart surgery. The most well-known method to reduce anxiety is the use of sedatives, which have pronounced side effects. Objectives: The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of acupressure on anxiety in patients undergoing open-heart surgery. Method: This is a randomized clinical trial study conducted on 90 patients who were candidates for open-heart surgery. The patients were randomly assigned into either intervention or control groups. Acupressure intervention was applied at three real acupoints over two consecutive days in the intervention group. The control group received acupressure on sham points. We used Spielberger State-Trait Anxiety Inventory to assess anxiety in our study. Results: The results showed that before acupressure, there was no statistically significant difference between state anxiety scores and intergroup traits, and this difference was only significant in state anxiety after the second intervention. State and trait anxiety were significant before and after the intervention in the test group, respectively include (p < 0.001) (p = 0.01), but these changes in the control group did not show a statistically significant difference. After completing the second phase of the intervention at the actual sites, systolic blood pressure (p = 0.007) and heart rate (p = 0.001) decreased significantly. However, acupressure did not have a significant effect on diastolic blood pressure in any of the groups. Conclusion: Based on the results of this study, the application of acupressure in patients who are candidates for open-heart surgery can reduce their state anxiety. Further larger-scale and rigorous studies are warranted.

    Abstract
  • Research Article2020-04-01

    Single Cupping Thearpy Session Improves Pain, Sleep, and Disability in Patients with Nonspecific Chronic Low Back Pain

    Maria P. Volpato1, Izabela C.A. Breda2, Ravena C. de Carvalho2, Caroline de Castro Moura3, Laís L. Ferreira2, Marcelo L. Silva1, Josie R.T. Silva1*

    Abstract : The objective of this study was to evaluate if a single session of real or placebo cupping therapy in patients with chronic low back pain would be enough to temporarily reduce pain intensity and functional disability, enhancing their mechanical threshold and reducing local skin temperature. The outcome measures were Brief Pain Inventory, pressure pain threshold, Roland–Morris disability questionnaire and low back skin temperature. This is an experimental clinical trial; after examination (AV0), patients were submitted to real or placebo cupping therapy (15 minutes, bilaterally at the points BL23 (Shenshu), BL24 (Qihaishu) and BL25 (Dachangshu) and were revaluated immediately after the session (AV1) and after one week (AV2). The patients showed a significant improvement in all pain severity items and sleep in the Brief Pain Inventory (p 

    Abstract
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