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Research Article

2020; 13(5): 152-156

Published online October 1, 2020 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jams.2020.09.001

Copyright © Medical Association of Pharmacopuncture Institute.

The Effect of Laser Acupuncture on Spasticity in Children with Spastic Cerebral Palsy

1 Department of Medical Acupuncture, Faculty of Medicine, University of Indonesia, Jalan Diponegoro no. 71, Central Jakarta, Indonesia
2 Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, University of Indonesia, Jalan Diponegoro no. 71, Central Jakarta, Indonesia
3 Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Indonesia, Jalan Diponegoro no. 71, Central Jakarta, Indonesia

Correspondence to:Department of Medical Acupuncture, Faculty of Medicine, University of Indonesia, Jalan Diponegoro no. 71, Central Jakarta, Indonesia
E-mail address: d1anputri603@gmail.com (D.E. Putri).

Received: October 14, 2019; Revised: July 17, 2020; Accepted: September 16, 2020

Abstract

<b>Background:</b> Spasticity in cerebral palsy is one of the most common disabilities of children in developing countries. <br><b>Objectives:</b> The objective of this study was to determine the efficacy of laser acupuncture on spasticity in children with spastic cerebral palsy. <br><b>Methods:</b> This clinical trial was conducted on 60 patients with spastic cerebral palsy at 2 to 10 years. The patients were categorized into two groups: the control group and treatment group. Laser acupuncture was applied on GV20, GV14, LI4, GB34, and LR3 (power 50 mW, 785 nm, 1 Joule, 40 seconds) three times a week for 12 sessions in the treatment group and placebo laser acupuncture on the same points in the control group. The spasticity was measured using the Modified Ashworth Scale before and after complete sessions. <br><b>Results:</b> The results showed that there was a significant reduction in the Modified Ashworth Scale score in the treatment group compared with the control group (<i>p</i> = 0.003). <br><b>Conclusions:</b> This study suggest that laser acupuncture on GV20, GV14, LI4, GB34, and LR3 can reduce spasticity for children with spastic cerebral palsy.

Keywords: acupuncture, cerebral palsy, laser acupuncture, spasticity

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