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Research Article

2017; 10(5): 324-330

Published online October 1, 2017 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jams.2017.08.003

Copyright © Medical Association of Pharmacopuncture Institute.

Laser Acupuncture at GV20 Improves Brain Damage and Oxidative Stress in Animal Model of Focal Ischemic Stroke

1Faculty of Medicine, Mahasarakham University, Mahasarakham, Thailand
2Integrative Complimentary Alternative Medicine Research and Development Group, Khon Kaen University, Khon Kaen, Thailand

Correspondence to:Jinatta Jittiwat

Received: February 8, 2017; Revised: August 11, 2017; Accepted: August 16, 2017

Abstract

The burden of stroke is high and is continually increasing due to a dramatic growth in the world's elderly population. Novel therapeutic strategies are therefore required. The present study sought to determine the effect of laser acupuncture at GV20 on brain damage, oxidative-status markers in the cerebral cortex, and superoxide dismutase in the mitochondria of an animal model of focal ischemic stroke. Wistar rats, weighing 300–350 g, were divided into the following four groups: (1) control; (2) permanent occlusion of the right middle cerebral artery (Rt.MCAO) alone; (3) Rt.MCAO plus sham laser acupuncture; and (4) Rt.MCAO plus laser-acupuncture groups. Sham laser acupuncture or laser acupuncture was performed once daily at the GV20 (Baihui) acupoint for 14 days following Rt.MCAO. Half of the rats in each group were examined by 2,3,5-triphenyltetrazolium chloride staining to determine the brain infarct volume, while the other half were examined by biochemical assays to determine the malondialdehyde level, and the glutathione peroxidase, catalase, and superoxide-dismutase activities in the brain-cortex mitochondria. The results showed that laser acupuncture at GV20 significantly decreased the brain infarct volume and malondialdehyde level, and increased the catalase, glutathione peroxidase, and superoxide-dismutase activities in cerebral ischemic rats. In conclusion, laser acupuncture at GV20 decreases the brain infarct volume in cerebral ischemic rats, at least in part due to decreased oxidative stress. Further study is warranted to investigate other possible underlying mechanisms.

Keywords: baihui acupoint, focal ischemic stroke, laser acupuncture, oxidative stress

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