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  • International Scientific Acupuncture and Meridian Symposium (ISAMS) 2019 Conference Abstracts2020-04-01
    JAMS

    Abstract : Sports injuries are very common, not only among professional athletes, but moreso among those professionals and students who would like to maintain an active lifestyle but only have time during weekends for their favorite sports. These athletic injuries may range from minor sprains to actual muscle tears that require weeks of anti-inflammatory treatment. Age-old acupuncture and moxibustion techniques can actually provide better and faster pain relieving methods that can also facilitate healing with minimal intervention. After the initial application of sports medicine protocols for the acutely injured athlete, immediate daily follow up treatments with moxybustion and acupuncture helps in getting the athlete back to training earlier and more comfortably than any medication currently employed by the conventional physiatrist. A perfect example of the multiplicatory effect of east meets west in the field of sports medicine.

    Abstract
  • International Scientific Acupuncture and Meridian Symposium (ISAMS) 2019 Conference Abstracts2020-04-01
    JAMS

    Abstract : Motivation For humans, breathing is a motor output of respiratory muscles which are controlled by reflex in the respiratory centers of the brain stem as well as behaviorally in supra-brain stem structures including cortical somatosensory/motor regions. While breathing reflex is observed during rest or typically sleep, breathing can be also modulated volitionally like in emotional events as well as speech. The volitional regulation of breathing has an aspect in terms of behavioral coping to external environments or self-control. Our group has been conducting a series of experiments that investigated the beneficial roles of volitional breathing when it is coordinately combined with therapeutic interventions; somatosensory stimulation(acupuncture), motor practice(qigong), cognitive/affective training, and self-control of brain by real-time fMRI neurofeedback. Methods For sensory respiratory coordination, acupuncture stimulation was behaviorally synchronized by volitional breathing (it was internally coordinated by human subjects) and compared with non-coordinated acupuncture stimulation and breathing gated acupuncture stimulation (it was externally coordinated by the device which automatically detects the inhalation and exhalation of breathing and gates the stimulation timing). For motor respiratory coordination, the motor output of skeletal muscles like facial muscles was coordinated with volitional breathing and compared with non-coordinated control tasks. For testing of cognitive enhancement by volitional breathing, the participants conducted emotional working memory task. Their performance weas compared with the task with non-volitional breathing. Lastly, we used the volitional breathing with real-time fMRI neurofeedback technique and are testing the possibility of self-modulation of brain regional activity including amygdala and functional brain connectivity involved in cognitive/affective processing. All the experiments were done in the functional MRI environment. Results and discussion The experiments are still under the analysis or still in progress, we found some interesting and promising findings. We hope the findings provide potential underlying neural mechanisms about its clinical benefits on the various therapeutic interventions; the somatosensory modalities like acupuncture, massage, manipulative techniques, the motor practice modalities like qigong, yoga, meditation, even many other rehabilitations. Funding This work was supported by the Korea Institute of Oriental Medicine (grant number: K18052).

    Abstract
  • Abstract : The prevalence of elderly dementia and work-related back neck pain is high, and so is the associated cost. Is dementia, which can take 20–30 years to develop, linked to musculoskeletal problems earlier in life? Classic Chinese Medicine Governor Vessel (GV) theory has in fact detailed a correlation, but its acceptance appears to be influenced and even limited by some inconsistences in the literature. This study involved a nationwide online questionnaire of 381 practicing acupuncturists to investigate GV's usage and impact on brain function. The survey covers areas of the acupuncturist's experience, perception of GV usage, related symptoms, needling concerns and correlations with brain function. 39 completed questionnaires were returned, of which 38 were GV users, and nearly three quarters of respondents accepted that GV influences brain function. Only two respondents rejected this influence, but here several inconsistencies were found. The associations with GV were predominately found to be with the spine, kidney, and brain. Indications from practitioners suggested numerous forms of clinical usage of GV, predominately on spinal, cognitive and qi-blood movement issues. GV influence on the brain was accepted by most respondents with only a few expressing uncertainty. Further worldwide, larger population, in-depth studies and trials are needed to fully establish and expand upon these findings.

    Abstract
  • Abstract : A number of studies have examined the accuracy and precision of acupuncture point location across various point location methods. Accuracy of point location is essential for safe, efficacious and reliable treatments and valid reproducible research outcomes. This review aims to identify, summarize, compare and critically appraise available empirical studies relating to the accuracy and precision of acupuncture point location. A comprehensive search of five electronic databases, World Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine and Google scholar was performed for studies investigating accuracy and precision in acupuncture point location. 771 studies were screened of which 14 studies were identified, including 9 studies that investigated the localization of acupoints and 5 studies that examined the cun measurement system. Considerable variation in localization of acupoints was reported among qualified medical acupuncturists. Variation in point location among qualified non-medical acupuncturists is unknown due to lack of any identified study. The directional method was found to be significantly inaccurate and imprecise in all studies that evaluated the method. Suitability of other methods for clinical and research purposes and influencing factors such as education, training and experience were identified as topics for future studies.

    Abstract
  • International Scientific Acupuncture and Meridian Symposium (ISAMS) 2019 Conference Abstracts2020-04-01
    JAMS

    Abstract : Purpose As science and medicine evolves, the average life span of mankind is rapidly being extended. The growing population of the elderly and interest towards well-being is stimulating growth of the complementary medicine market. Acupuncture is one of the most popular treatments to the patients seeking complementary medicine. As patient population receiving acupuncture increases worldwide, needs for a standardized clinical guideline is growing. Among the many diseases treated by acupuncture, musculoskeletal disorders rank the top. The objective of this study is to establish Korean Medicine clinical guideline for non-specific chronic low back pain. Methods A task force team to establish the guideline was composed. Literature review was done in order to search for evidence of safety and efficacy of acupuncture and other Korean Medicine treatments. A survey was done in order to find out how Korean medical doctors derive pattern identification for acupuncture and herbal prescriptions in treating non-specific chronic low back pain. Then, based on the results of literature review and survey, a conference meeting of experts was held. Through the Delphi method, a draft of the acupuncture clinical guideline for non-specific chronic low back pain was established. Now the review board, composed of experts of musculoskeletal disorders, public health, statistics, and representatives of patients are modifying the draft. Results Evidence of safety and efficacy of acupuncture treatment for musculoskeletal disorders was established. A standard or pattern identification was derived. A draft of Korean Medicine clinical guideline for non-specific chronic low back pain was established. Conclusions More rigorous, well designed and large scaled RCTs are in need to improve the quality and make modifications this clinical guideline.

    Abstract
  • International Scientific Acupuncture and Meridian Symposium (ISAMS) 2019 Conference Abstracts2020-04-01
    JAMS

    Abstract : Objectives This study is related to stimulate of mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) release into blood by use of electroacupuncture (EA) at specific acupoints. Methods EA was performed in rats using LI4, LI11, GV14, and Baihui (rats). Results Through some methods such as functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) and pharmacological disinhibition of hypothalamus, the activation of the sympathetic nervous system resulted in a release of MSC into the circulation. In addition, EA treatment in rats that had partial rupture of the Achilles tendon induced analgesia, increasing interleukin-10 levels and remodeling. Conclusion EA as low risk, and very effective method should be used to support the repair of tissue wound by increasing of the circulating MSC.

    Abstract
  • Research Article2020-03-20
    JAMS

    Effectiveness of Acupuncture in Dental Surgery: A Randomized Clinical Trial Crossover Study

    Maria L.B. Gila*, Luide M.R.F. Marinhob, Márcio de Moraesb, Ronaldo S. Wadaa, Francisco C. Groppoc, Jorge E. Satod, Maria da L.R. de Sousaa*

    Abstract : AimThe objective of this crossover clinical study was to evaluate the effectiveness of energy regulation with acupuncture in clinical occurrences in impacted lower third molar surgeries.MethodsThe sample consisted of 22 patients with two impacted third molars, in symmetrical position; divided into two groups: Test Group with real energy regulation group and sham group with acupuncture without energy regulation function. The extraction was performed 30 days apart. Energy flow (Ryodoraku Method) and energy regulation performed before extraction were measured. Heart rate (HR) and Blood Pressure (BP) were evaluated before and after energy regulation and after surgery, residual edema was measured by facial measurements (angle of the mandible to tragus (A-T); angle of the mandible to labial commissure (A-LC); angle of the mandible to the wing of the nose (A-WN); angle of the mandible to the corner of the eye (A-CE); angle of the mandible to the chin (AC); and mouth opening by the interincisal distance, before and after seven days of surgery. To quantify intraoperative bleeding (ml), blood was aspirated along with the saline solution using a portable vacuum pump adaptor. The amount of saline solution used was subtracted from the final amount of aspirated fluid.ResultsMean of bleeding was lower in test group (p = 0.0392). There were significant differences between groups in facial distances: A-LC (p = 0.010), A-WN (p = 0.030) and A-C (p = 0.008).ConclusionEnergy regulation with real acupuncture was effective in reducing postoperative residual edema and intraoperative bleeding.

    Abstract
  • Research Paper2019-08-01

    Changes in Heart Rate Variability in Patients with Spleen-Qi Deficiency Syndrome

    Agnese Olivera-Toro1, Rubén Fossion34, Lei Li56, Rosa E. López-Gómez1, Emma López-Espinosa1, Ismael Jiménez-Estrada7, Salvador Quiroz-González12*

    Abstract : Many functional diseases are related to dysautonomia, and heart rate variability has been used to assess dysautonomia. However, heart rate variability has not been studied in Spleen-Qi deficiency syndrome (SQDS). Healthy volunteers (n = 37) and patients with SQDS (n = 67), recruited from the Clinic of the State University of Ecatepec Valley were included in the study. Outcome measures were average heart rate, standard deviation of the normal-to-normal heartbeat intervals, low frequency (LF), high frequency (HF) power, and the LF/HF ratio. Also, intestinal peristalsis, gastrointestinal symptoms (GSs), fatigue, and level of attention were measured. Standard deviation of the normal-to-normal heartbeat intervals (17 ± 2.3%) and HF (14 ± 3.1%) were lower in SQDS patients (17 ± 1.3%) than in healthy volunteers. SQDS patients had higher heart rate, LF power, LF/HF ratio, and fatigue scores (9.6 ± 1.12%, 16 ± 2.1%, 22 ± 3.8%, and 21 ± 4.1%). The fatigue correlated positively with the LF/HF ratio and negatively with HF power. The SQDS group had lower concentration performance (16.2 ± 1.9%) in the d2 test. The intestinal peristalsis showed a reduction (15 ± 1.3%) as compared with control. GS score and peristalsis correlated negatively with HF. Our results suggest that the pathology of SDQS could be associated with a low vagal tone which causes a decrease in peristalsis, increased fatigue, reduced attention, and appearance of GSs.

    Abstract
  • Research Article2019-04-01

    Abstract : The aim of this study was determining the effect of acupressure on the severity of pain associated with intramuscular injections of magnesium sulfate administered by the Z-track technique in patients with eclampsia and preeclampsia. Forty-eight patients participated in this single-group clinical trial, which was conducted in three stages. For each patient, three intramuscular injections were administered by the Z-track technique. The first injection was administered by the conventional method. The second injection at a sham control point and the third injection using acupressure (BL32) were administered. Pain severity was measured on a visual analogue scale. The mean pain intensity was 7.22 in the first, 4.75 in the second and 1.94 in the third injections (p < 0.001). The results of the study showed that acupressure at the BL32 point before intramuscular injection of magnesium sulfate significantly reduced the injection-related pain.

    Abstract
  • Abstract : Background: Osteoarthritis is the most common type of arthritis. Depression, anxiety, and stress are associated with knee osteoarthritis. Objectives: The aim of the study was to check the effectiveness of acupressure therapy with pharmacological treatment on pain, depression, anxiety, and stress in patients with knee osteoarthritis and to assess the effect of pain improvement on psychological health. Methods: Eligible 212 patients with knee osteoarthritis were divided into two groups (intervention and control group). The intervention group (n = 106) received acupressure therapy in combination with pharmacological treatment, whereas the control group (n = 106) continued pharmacological treatment only. Pain and psychological symptoms were measured using the visual analog scale and Depression Anxiety Stress Scale-21. Pearson's correlation was used to check the effect of pain improvement on psychological health. Results: Patients of both groups reported severe pain initially. On analyzing the results after completion of the study, it was found that patients in the intervention group scored better on the pain scale (p < 0.001) and DASS-21 (p ≤ 0.0001). However, it may be noted that reduction in the DASS-21 score was not found to be significant for the control group (p = 0.08). Pearson's correlation coefficients value ranged from 0.231 to 0.412 for DASS-21 (p < 0.05). Conclusions: On analysis, it can be concluded that acupressure can be used as add-on therapy in combination with conventional treatment (pharmacological treatment), which may assist in pain reduction. The reduction in pain directly contributes to improvement in the physiological wellness among patients with knee osteoarthritis.

    Abstract

Journal Info

JOURNAL OF MICROBIOLOGY AND BIOTECHNOLOGY
February, 2021
Vol.14 No.1

pISSN 2005-2901
eISSN 2093-8152

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  • Erratum2020-12-01
  • Case Report2020-12-01

    Abstract : A 24-year-old horse was presented with a clinical history of anaemia, large intestine impaction and hind limb weakness. Loss of body weight was also reported. Hematocrit and hemoglobin levels were low and piroplasmosis test was negative. Nasogastric intubation with laxative agents was performed and 50 ml of a red blood-cell-supplement was given daily during a month. An assessment following Traditional Chinese Veterinary Medicine (TCVM) principles was performed after the last episode of large intestine impaction. A swollen, pale and wet tongue was observed. A superficial, weak pulse combined punctually with a slippery pulse was detected on the right side. The pulse on the left side was very thin. BL18, BL20 and BL23 were the most sensitive acupoints on the right side. BL18 and BL23 were the most sensitive on the left. TCVM diagnosis was Qi/Yang Kidney Deficiency, Spleen Qi Deficiency with Stagnation and Blood Deficiency. It received acupuncture at Bai-Hui, KI3, KI7, KI10, BL23, GB39, ST36, BL17 and acupressure at SP10. The client reported a significant improvement after treatment and hematocrit and hemoglobin levels were normal. KI3, ST36, BL39 acupoints were treated 14 days later. The outcome was favourable and one acupuncture session per month was recommended. No previous case reports in equines have been documented with a combination of blood, gastrointestinal and musculoskeletal problems in the same episode. This case is an example of an integrative approach to investigate the origin and the interdependent relation between body systems.

    Abstract
  • Review Article2020-02-01

    Abstract : Acupuncture is one of the areas among the alternative therapies that arise high curiosity in the biomedical scientific community. It is particularly popular for treatment of chronic diseases and addictions. However, contrasting with its evidence-based effectiveness, the lack of reasonable explanations for its mode of action divides that scientific community. Difficulties also arise to those responsible for providing information for clinicians and professionals who wish to acquire competencies leading to the acupuncture practice and have a background based on biochemistry and physiology. The classic theories of nerve conduction do not fully explain how information is read and transmitted during the acupuncture treatment. Other theories have been proposed, but they are based on concepts such as biophotonic waves and quantum biochemistry that are difficult to read and understand by those who do not have knowledge in physics. It is the main objective of this review to provide a summary of the main theories and explanatory approaches to the signal transduction and conduction in acupuncture and to describe them in terms of their explanatory hypotheses, limitations, and weaknesses. The most of the literature found support theories for neural conduction, including gate control. They explain the effects of acupuncture in pain relief; few studies have been conducted concerning the conduction based on biophotons. The primo vascular system has been referred as a possible anatomic support for conduction of information during an acupuncture treatment, which could be connected to biophoton transmission.

    Abstract
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  • Case Report2020-12-01

    Abstract : A 24-year-old horse was presented with a clinical history of anaemia, large intestine impaction and hind limb weakness. Loss of body weight was also reported. Hematocrit and hemoglobin levels were low and piroplasmosis test was negative. Nasogastric intubation with laxative agents was performed and 50 ml of a red blood-cell-supplement was given daily during a month. An assessment following Traditional Chinese Veterinary Medicine (TCVM) principles was performed after the last episode of large intestine impaction. A swollen, pale and wet tongue was observed. A superficial, weak pulse combined punctually with a slippery pulse was detected on the right side. The pulse on the left side was very thin. BL18, BL20 and BL23 were the most sensitive acupoints on the right side. BL18 and BL23 were the most sensitive on the left. TCVM diagnosis was Qi/Yang Kidney Deficiency, Spleen Qi Deficiency with Stagnation and Blood Deficiency. It received acupuncture at Bai-Hui, KI3, KI7, KI10, BL23, GB39, ST36, BL17 and acupressure at SP10. The client reported a significant improvement after treatment and hematocrit and hemoglobin levels were normal. KI3, ST36, BL39 acupoints were treated 14 days later. The outcome was favourable and one acupuncture session per month was recommended. No previous case reports in equines have been documented with a combination of blood, gastrointestinal and musculoskeletal problems in the same episode. This case is an example of an integrative approach to investigate the origin and the interdependent relation between body systems.

    Abstract
  • Review Article2020-02-01

    Abstract : Acupuncture is one of the areas among the alternative therapies that arise high curiosity in the biomedical scientific community. It is particularly popular for treatment of chronic diseases and addictions. However, contrasting with its evidence-based effectiveness, the lack of reasonable explanations for its mode of action divides that scientific community. Difficulties also arise to those responsible for providing information for clinicians and professionals who wish to acquire competencies leading to the acupuncture practice and have a background based on biochemistry and physiology. The classic theories of nerve conduction do not fully explain how information is read and transmitted during the acupuncture treatment. Other theories have been proposed, but they are based on concepts such as biophotonic waves and quantum biochemistry that are difficult to read and understand by those who do not have knowledge in physics. It is the main objective of this review to provide a summary of the main theories and explanatory approaches to the signal transduction and conduction in acupuncture and to describe them in terms of their explanatory hypotheses, limitations, and weaknesses. The most of the literature found support theories for neural conduction, including gate control. They explain the effects of acupuncture in pain relief; few studies have been conducted concerning the conduction based on biophotons. The primo vascular system has been referred as a possible anatomic support for conduction of information during an acupuncture treatment, which could be connected to biophoton transmission.

    Abstract
  • Research Article2020-12-01

    Abstract : Background: Anthropometric and anatomical Chinese inch measurement (CUN) systems are useful in understanding the location of acupoints; however, locating acupoints is challenging. Objectives: The study aimed to locate LI4 and LI6, to measure differences and similarities in body dimensions based on sex using anthropometric and CUN systems, and to observe the relationship between f-cun and b-cun. Methods: 25 forearms and hands from 16 embalmed cadavers had body dimensions measured using anthropometric and CUN systems. LI4 and LI6 were located using a combination of both systems. Data were compiled and calculated to observe any variation in means and ranges. Statistical analysis was performed using a paired t-test. Results: LI4 was found on the skin at the lateral border of the midpoint of the second metacarpal bone. LI6 was found 3 cun or 74 ± 8 mm from LI5. Differences were observed between male and female cadavers and a large difference between f-cun and b-cun measurements of 1.5 to 3 cun. There were positive correlations between several body dimensions observed. Conclusions: LI4 was located on the dorsum of the hand, radial to the midpoint of the second metacarpal bone. LI6 was located 3 cun from LI5 with an error of 1 to ½ cun variation. The differences in f-cun and bcun in isolating LI6 seem to account for this error. Future studies using cadavers may need to take this error into consideration for variation and measuring differences.

    Abstract
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