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  • International Scientific Acupuncture and Meridian Symposium (ISAMS) 2019 Conference Abstracts2020-04-01
    JAMS

    Abstract : Objectives To evaluate the quality and validity of clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) which include the strength of recommendation on acupuncture in Japan. Methods The relevant CPGs were searched and selected according to predefined criteria, and reviewed by three independent researchers in terms of methodology and correctness. Results As of July 2019 in Japan, there were 13 CPGs including statements on the strength of recommendation on acupuncture. Among them, 2 CPGs were in accordance with the GRADE system, and 9 were rated as 4 or less (7-point scale) in the overall ratings with AGREE II. Regarding consistency with predefined methods of formulating recommendations, acupuncture is underestimated in 3 CPGs (facial palsy, chronic headache and irritable bowel syndrome). Also, 2 CPGs (lateral humeral epicondylitis and interstitial cystitis) published in 2006 and 2007 were out-of-date. Recently published “Japanese Orthopaedic Association (JOA) Clinical Practice Guidelines on the Management of Low Back Pain 2019” included multiple issues of serious misinformation on acupuncture: the opposite and incorrect conclusions that acupuncture is not superior to the control group, due to errors in literature selection, data extraction and data input. Conclusion Overall, the quality of CPGs assessing acupuncture as a treatment option are not necessarily high in Japan, and some of the CPGs need to be revised. Validation of CPGs including information on acupuncture should be conducted periodically. Exchanging information among countries in this issue would be useful and encourage this continuous work.

    Abstract
  • Case Report2020-04-01

    A Case Study: Effects of Foot Reflexotherapy in an Infant with Sensorineural Hearing Loss

    Yujun Lee1*, Qingchun Pan3, Ying Du2, Lantu Zhang4, Chunlin Li5, Minyong Hu5, Mingxian Li6, Bei Li3

    Abstract : Sensoryneuronal hearing loss (SNHL) is one type of hearing impairment. The incidence of hearing loss (HL) is 1–3 per 1000 births. Complementary therapies may be effective in addressing the maladies of infants with HL. The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy of foot reflexotherapy in an infant with SNHL. The patient was a 3-month-old infant with SNHL. Pretest and post-test for HL were conducted using an audiologic method (auditory brainstem responses) combined with behavioral audiometry. The subject was treated with foot reflexotherapy for 30 min per session four times per week for a period of 24 weeks. Foot reflexotherapy was effective in auditory recuperation of an infant with SNHL. The results of this novel study suggest that foot reflexotherapy can be an effective complementary treatment for infants with SNHL, especially for those 3 to 9 months of age.

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  • Review Article2019-04-01

    Acupuncture for the Treatment of Cardiovascular Diseases: A Systematic Review

    Rodrigo de Lima Pimentel1, Alice P. Duque1, Beatriz R. Moreira2, Luiz F. Rodrigues Junior12*

    Abstract : Acupuncture, for the westerns countries, is an innovative and low-cost therapy for treatment and prevention of cardiovascular diseases (CVDs). However, most of its effects and mechanisms are poorly understood. Thus, the objective of this work was to systematically review the literature regarding the clinical effects of acupuncture for the treatment and prevention of CVDs. A search for papers published in English or Portuguese in the past 20 years was conducted at PubMed, SciELO, and PEDro databases. Clinical trials conducted on the effects of acupuncture were included in this review. Two reviewers extracted the data independently from the remaining 17 articles after screening. The most used acupoint was PC6 (10 studies, 64.7%), followed by ST36 (6 studies, 35.3%) and auricular acupoints (4 studies, 23.5%). Among the clinical applications, hypertension was the most studied CVD, with acupuncture being the most reported method among the studies (70.6%). Only three articles reported no benefit in the treatment of CVDs for the methodology used. We conclude that although several studies indicated an improvement in the response of the cardiovascular system in CVDs by acupuncture, electroacupuncture, or electrostimulation treatment, the heterogeneity of the studies does not allow a standardization of its application for each specific disease, making further studies necessary for its use to become a reality.

    Abstract
  • International Scientific Acupuncture and Meridian Symposium (ISAMS) 2019 Conference Abstracts2020-04-01
    JAMS

    Abstract : Saam five element acupuncture (SA) was developed by Saam Doin in the 17th century during Chosun Dynasty of Korea. It is often called as four-needle technique or five element acupuncture in other countries. The principle is originated from Nanjing (The classic of difficulties) Chapter 69. For example, if liver meridian is in deficiency, reinforce the water as mother to boost its child wood. Saam added reducing the metal as wood’s controller to block metal’s suppressing effect on wood. On the contrary, if liver meridian is in excess, reduce the child fire to consume wood energy by fire in the nourishing cycle. Saam added reinforcing the metal to strengthen metal’s control over wood. In my opinion, there can be three ways to select the target treatment meridian; the pathway of meridian, five element theory, and six energy system. SA is a meridian-based approach using five element points. Its strength is a holistic and systematic balancing of organ functions rather than pure stimulation on the local lesion. It is a treasure of Korean acupuncture which needs to be inherited and developed for more active application to various disorders.

    Abstract
  • International Scientific Acupuncture and Meridian Symposium (ISAMS) 2019 Conference Abstracts2020-04-01
    JAMS

    Abstract : Cancer is one of the leading causes of mortality in humans as well as animals. Although genetic predisposition plays a substantial role, hereditary factors are only responsible for around 5% of cancer outbreaks; the other 95% of cancer outbreaks occur sporadically during an individual's lifetime. Early screening tests are recommended but those tests do not always detect cancer successfully due to limited sensitivity and specificity. In small animal oncology, early screening is even more limited than in the human population. The Complementary & Alternative Medicine department at the College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Minnesota provides several medical modalities including syndrome-based acupuncture, which is the most traditionally and widely used acupuncture, Saam Traditional Korean Medicine (TKM), herbal treatment, and food therapy for small animal cancer patients. We have learned that the analysis of both innate and adopted constitutional imbalances of each patient forms the critical step for diagnosis and for setting up the treatment principle. Syndrome-based acupuncture has been provided for patients undergoing chemotherapy or radiation therapy to alleviate adverse effects from conventional treatments. In contrast, Saam TKM has been applied at any stage of cancer because it has provided a proficient way to identify the constitutional imbalances of each patient. Saam TKM may thus be a more effective medical treatment for cancer patients by re-balancing their imbalanced innate as well as adopted constitutions. For effective cancer treatment in both small animals and humans, long-term care along with follow-up treatment is required for improving survival rates and quality of life. Based on clinical investigation, Saam TKM could provide a potential acupuncture treatment for achieving these goals. In this session, small animal cancer cases treated with syndrome-based acupuncture and Saam TKM acupuncture will be presented and discussed.

    Abstract
  • Research Article2021-02-28

    Abstract : Background: Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is estimated to be one of the most common diseases affecting the liver because of its high prevalence worldwide. Abnormal lipid profile between NAFLD patients has been reported in several studies. Objectives: This study aimed to evaluate the lipid profile response to electroacupuncture in NAFLD patients. Methods: A total of 60 female patients with NAFLD were included in the study with ages ranged from (30-55) years old. They were divided equally into two groups, group A received electroacupuncture (EA) stimulation at points of; LR14, LR3, ST36, and GB34. And group B received sham acupuncture application in non-acupuncture points. The demographic data and lipid profile such as total cholesterol (TC), serum triglycerides (TG), serum high-density lipoprotein (HDL), serum low-density lipoprotein (LDL) were recorded before and after the study. Results: The study results revealed a significant decrease (p < 0.05) of LDL, TC, TG after 6 weeks of non-interrupted treatment sessions in group A, However HDL showed no significant improvement (p > 0.05). A significant difference was found between posttreatment values of LDL, TC, and TG between both groups. Conclusion: Electroacupuncture can be an effective, simple, and applicable method for the improvement of elevated lipid profiles in NAFLD patients.

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  • Research Article2021-02-28

    Effect of Remote and Local Acupuncture Points on Periarthritis of Shoulder: A Comparative Study

    Kumaresan Poorna Chandran1,*, Prabu Poorna Chandran2, Naveena Arumugam3, Sendhilkumar Muthappan4

    Abstract : Background: Periarthritis of shoulder is a painful condition of the shoulder, affecting 2-3% of the general population and 20% of diabetic patients. Acupuncture is a widely practiced traditional Chinese medicine. Recent evidence shows that it alleviates shoulder pain with different needling techniques. Objectives: The present study is to compare the efficacy of remote and local points on PAS. Methods: 60 subjects were randomly assigned into two groups, remote acupuncture group (n = 30) and local acupuncture group (n = 30). Both groups were assessed at baseline and at the end of 12 sessions. Shoulder pain and its disability index (SPADI) and (ROM) were measured using goniometer. The intervention was given weekly thrice on alternate days for four weeks with 20 min for each session. Results: The result shows that both remote and local acupuncture points were beneficial in the pain management and rage of motion when compared within the group. The effects of acupuncture at remote acupoints were better than those at local acupoints in SPADI and ROM when compared between two groups. Conclusion: In treatment of periarthritis of shoulder remote acupuncture points may have higher therapeutic value when compared to local points.

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Journal Info

JOURNAL OF MICROBIOLOGY AND BIOTECHNOLOGY
February, 2021
Vol.14 No.1

pISSN 2005-2901
eISSN 2093-8152

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  • Research Article2020-02-01

    Effects of A Short-term Cardio Tai Chi Program on Cardiorespiratory Fitness and Hemodynamic Parameters in Sedentary Adults: A Pilot Study

    Timothy Sam-Kit Tin1, Chi-Hsiu Daniel Weng1,2, Patricia dos Santos Vigário3, Arthur de Sá Ferreira3,4*

    Abstract : This study evaluates the effects of a short-term Cardio Tai Chi program on the cardiorespiratory fitness and hemodynamic parameters in sedentary adults. Thirty-one sedentary participants (age: 58 ± 9 years, body mass: 63 ± 12 kg) were subjected to an exercise program during 10 sessions over a 10-day period within 2 weeks. The Cardio Tai Chi program consisted in a series of three to five intervals lasting 90 s each at ∼70% maximal heart rate separated by 2-min of low-intensity recovery. Primary outcome measures were cardiorespiratory fitness (peak oxygen uptake, V˙O2peak) assessed by the Rockport walking test and resting hemodynamic parameters (systolic, diastolic, mean, and pulse pressures). We observed a significant difference of means on post-pre V˙O2peak [4.5 ml/kg/min, 95% confidence interval (CI): 3.1 to 5.8, p = 0.004], systolic blood pressure (-5.5 mmHg, 95% CI:-7.3 to -3.8, p = 0.010) and pulse pressure (-3.7 mmHg, 95% CI: -5.2 to -2.3, p = 0.028). No significant differences were observed for diastolic pressure (−1.8 mmHg, 95% CI: -2.6 to -1.0, p = 0.226), mean blood pressure (2.5 mmHg, 95% CI: 1.4 to 3.6, p = 0.302), or resting heart rate (-0.9 beat/min, 95% CI: -2.0 to 0.1, p = 0.631). Our findings suggest that engaging in a short-term Cardio Tai Chi program can improve cardiorespiratory fitness and hemodynamic parameters in sedentary adults.

    Abstract
  • Research Article2020-08-01

    Wet Cupping Therapy Improves the Parameters of Ventricular Repolarization

    Mustafa Çelik 1, *, Hasan E. Yücel 2, Serkan Sivri 1, Erdogan Sökmen ? 1, Cahit Uçar 2

    Abstract : Background: Cupping therapy (CT) is an ancient medical treatment since antiquity and is used for the treatment of such various disease states as contagious diseases, chronic or acute inflammatory disease, and autoimmune disorders. Ventricular repolarization is represented by QT and corrected-QT (QTc) intervals from surface electrocardiography. Objectives: As novel repolarization parameters, Tpeak-toTend (Tp-Te) interval, and Tp-Te/QT and Tp-Te/ QTc ratios are suggested to correlate better with ventricular arrhythmia risk in various clinical conditions than sole QT and QTc intervals. In this study, we aimed to determine whether these parameters changed significantly after CT in healthy individuals. Methods: One hundred and twenty participants (57 women and 63 men; mean age: 49.0 ± 13.0 years) participated in this study. ECGs strips were recorded 1 hour before and 1 hour after CT from each participant, and relevant ECG parameters were compared. Results: Tp-Te interval [69.51 ± 11.54 msec vs 63.15 ± 10.89 msec, p = 0.001], Tp-Te/QT ratio [0.191 ± 0.030 vs 0.174 ± 0.031, p = 0.002] and Tp-Te/QTc ratio [0.175 ± 0.030 vs 0.159 ± 0.026, p = 0.001] were found to be significantly decreased 1 hour after the procedure compared with the pre-procedure values. However, no statistically significant change was observed in mean heart rate, QT and QTc intervals, QT/ QRS and cQT/QRS, and frontal QRS/T angle after the procedure compared with the same parameters before the procedure (p > 0.05). Conclusions: In accordance with the results of our study, it is plausible to conclude that CT may exert cardioprotective effect. However, larger scale prospective studies are needed to support our findings.

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  • International Scientific Acupuncture and Meridian Symposium (ISAMS) 2019 Conference Abstracts2020-04-01

    Abstract : With thousands of years evolution, the human body has developed self-healing properties to recover from disorders. Theoretically, many alternative medicines may work to activate / enhance this self-regulation process. In my talk, I will introduce recent studies on the effects and brain mechanisms of acupuncture, mind-body exercise (Tai Chi and Baduanjin), and imagery on both experimental and chronic pain. Findings of these studies suggest that different alternative interventions may share a common network through which to relieve pain.

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  • Research Article2020-03-20
    JAMS

    Effectiveness of Acupuncture in Dental Surgery: A Randomized Clinical Trial Crossover Study

    Maria L.B. Gila*, Luide M.R.F. Marinhob, Márcio de Moraesb, Ronaldo S. Wadaa, Francisco C. Groppoc, Jorge E. Satod, Maria da L.R. de Sousaa*

    Abstract : AimThe objective of this crossover clinical study was to evaluate the effectiveness of energy regulation with acupuncture in clinical occurrences in impacted lower third molar surgeries.MethodsThe sample consisted of 22 patients with two impacted third molars, in symmetrical position; divided into two groups: Test Group with real energy regulation group and sham group with acupuncture without energy regulation function. The extraction was performed 30 days apart. Energy flow (Ryodoraku Method) and energy regulation performed before extraction were measured. Heart rate (HR) and Blood Pressure (BP) were evaluated before and after energy regulation and after surgery, residual edema was measured by facial measurements (angle of the mandible to tragus (A-T); angle of the mandible to labial commissure (A-LC); angle of the mandible to the wing of the nose (A-WN); angle of the mandible to the corner of the eye (A-CE); angle of the mandible to the chin (AC); and mouth opening by the interincisal distance, before and after seven days of surgery. To quantify intraoperative bleeding (ml), blood was aspirated along with the saline solution using a portable vacuum pump adaptor. The amount of saline solution used was subtracted from the final amount of aspirated fluid.ResultsMean of bleeding was lower in test group (p = 0.0392). There were significant differences between groups in facial distances: A-LC (p = 0.010), A-WN (p = 0.030) and A-C (p = 0.008).ConclusionEnergy regulation with real acupuncture was effective in reducing postoperative residual edema and intraoperative bleeding.

    Abstract
  • Research Paper2019-08-01

    Changes in Heart Rate Variability in Patients with Spleen-Qi Deficiency Syndrome

    Agnese Olivera-Toro1, Rubén Fossion34, Lei Li56, Rosa E. López-Gómez1, Emma López-Espinosa1, Ismael Jiménez-Estrada7, Salvador Quiroz-González12*

    Abstract : Many functional diseases are related to dysautonomia, and heart rate variability has been used to assess dysautonomia. However, heart rate variability has not been studied in Spleen-Qi deficiency syndrome (SQDS). Healthy volunteers (n = 37) and patients with SQDS (n = 67), recruited from the Clinic of the State University of Ecatepec Valley were included in the study. Outcome measures were average heart rate, standard deviation of the normal-to-normal heartbeat intervals, low frequency (LF), high frequency (HF) power, and the LF/HF ratio. Also, intestinal peristalsis, gastrointestinal symptoms (GSs), fatigue, and level of attention were measured. Standard deviation of the normal-to-normal heartbeat intervals (17 ± 2.3%) and HF (14 ± 3.1%) were lower in SQDS patients (17 ± 1.3%) than in healthy volunteers. SQDS patients had higher heart rate, LF power, LF/HF ratio, and fatigue scores (9.6 ± 1.12%, 16 ± 2.1%, 22 ± 3.8%, and 21 ± 4.1%). The fatigue correlated positively with the LF/HF ratio and negatively with HF power. The SQDS group had lower concentration performance (16.2 ± 1.9%) in the d2 test. The intestinal peristalsis showed a reduction (15 ± 1.3%) as compared with control. GS score and peristalsis correlated negatively with HF. Our results suggest that the pathology of SDQS could be associated with a low vagal tone which causes a decrease in peristalsis, increased fatigue, reduced attention, and appearance of GSs.

    Abstract
  • Research Article2019-04-01

    The Effect of Manual Acupressure (Point BL32) on Pain Associated with Intramuscular Injections of Magnesium Sulfate

    Seyed S. Najafi1, Setareh Nazaribin2, Marzieh Momennasab1*, Amin Kordi Yoosefinejad3

    Abstract : The aim of this study was determining the effect of acupressure on the severity of pain associated with intramuscular injections of magnesium sulfate administered by the Z-track technique in patients with eclampsia and preeclampsia. Forty-eight patients participated in this single-group clinical trial, which was conducted in three stages. For each patient, three intramuscular injections were administered by the Z-track technique. The first injection was administered by the conventional method. The second injection at a sham control point and the third injection using acupressure (BL32) were administered. Pain severity was measured on a visual analogue scale. The mean pain intensity was 7.22 in the first, 4.75 in the second and 1.94 in the third injections (p < 0.001). The results of the study showed that acupressure at the BL32 point before intramuscular injection of magnesium sulfate significantly reduced the injection-related pain.

    Abstract
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