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  • International Scientific Acupuncture and Meridian Symposium (ISAMS) 2019 Conference Abstracts2020-04-01
    JAMS

    Abstract : Cancer is one of the leading causes of mortality in humans as well as animals. Although genetic predisposition plays a substantial role, hereditary factors are only responsible for around 5% of cancer outbreaks; the other 95% of cancer outbreaks occur sporadically during an individual's lifetime. Early screening tests are recommended but those tests do not always detect cancer successfully due to limited sensitivity and specificity. In small animal oncology, early screening is even more limited than in the human population. The Complementary & Alternative Medicine department at the College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Minnesota provides several medical modalities including syndrome-based acupuncture, which is the most traditionally and widely used acupuncture, Saam Traditional Korean Medicine (TKM), herbal treatment, and food therapy for small animal cancer patients. We have learned that the analysis of both innate and adopted constitutional imbalances of each patient forms the critical step for diagnosis and for setting up the treatment principle. Syndrome-based acupuncture has been provided for patients undergoing chemotherapy or radiation therapy to alleviate adverse effects from conventional treatments. In contrast, Saam TKM has been applied at any stage of cancer because it has provided a proficient way to identify the constitutional imbalances of each patient. Saam TKM may thus be a more effective medical treatment for cancer patients by re-balancing their imbalanced innate as well as adopted constitutions. For effective cancer treatment in both small animals and humans, long-term care along with follow-up treatment is required for improving survival rates and quality of life. Based on clinical investigation, Saam TKM could provide a potential acupuncture treatment for achieving these goals. In this session, small animal cancer cases treated with syndrome-based acupuncture and Saam TKM acupuncture will be presented and discussed.

    Abstract
  • International Scientific Acupuncture and Meridian Symposium (ISAMS) 2019 Conference Abstracts2020-04-01
    JAMS

    Abstract : Objectives This study was designed to analyze the usage of medical service support in Korean Medicine Clinic at the polyclinic during 2019 FINA world championships period for furthermore study. Methods We recorded the daily occurrence of injury and illness through the electrical medical record used in Korean Medicine Clinic arranged in the polyclinic at Athletes’ Village during the period of 2019 FINA world championships. Results Among the 3080 cases reported at the polyclinic from July 5th to 29th in 2019, 1135 cases were treated in Korean Medicine clinic and this is about 36.8% of all the cases, the leading percentage in the polyclinic. In 1135 cases, the category of athletes were 509 cases (44.8%), the category of team officials were 221 cases (19.4%) and the category of FINA family were 92 cases (8.1%). Nationality of Russia was the most with 72 cases, and nationality of Republic of South Africa was the 2nd most with 69 cases. Respectively the ratio of injury among the patient visited the clinic was 89% (n = 1010), and the illness was 10.6% (n = 120). Respectively 48% of people (n = 543) who visited the clinic had an experience of acupuncture treatment before and 52% (n = 592) of people never experienced before. The frequency of treatment method used in the clinic was chuna manual medicine (64%), acupuncture (64%), and cupping (16%) in order. The frequency in location of body part treated was body trunk (n = 516, 49%), lower limbs (n = 205, 18%), upper limbs (n = 145, 12.8%) and head & neck (n = 93, 8.2%) in order. Conclusions The clinic using acupuncture established inside the polyclinic during the sports events hosted by the Federation Internationale de Natation was the first time ever in 2019 world championships. So the presented data constitute the basis for future analysis and study. Korean Medicine is likely to be effective in terms of the medical assistance for the international sports level of athletes, however further study is needed.

    Abstract
  • International Scientific Acupuncture and Meridian Symposium (ISAMS) 2019 Conference Abstracts2020-04-01
    JAMS

    Abstract : Objectives The natural products including traditional herbal medicine (THM) are known to exert their therapeutic effects by acting on multiple targets, so researchers have employed network pharmacology methods to decipher the potential mechanisms of THM. To conduct THM-network pharmacology (THM-NP) studies, researchers have employed different tools and databases for constructing and analyzing herb-compound-target networks. In this study, we attempted to capture the methodological trends in THM-NP research. Methods We identified the tools and databases employed to conduct THM-NP studies and visualized their combinatorial patterns. We also constructed co-author and affiliation networks to further understand how the methodologies are employed among researchers. Results The results showed that the number of THM-NP studies has dramatically increased in the last decade. The databases and tools used for constructing herbal-compound-target networks have been diversified, and their combinatorial patterns have become more complex. Overall, the Traditional Chinese Medicine Systems Pharmacology Database and Analysis Platform (TCMSP) was the most frequently employed network pharmacology platform in THM-NP studies. Among the processes involved in THM-NP research, the methodology for constructing a compound-target network has shown the greatest change over time. Conclusion Our analysis describes comprehensive methodological trends and current ideas in research design for network pharmacology researchers.

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  • International Scientific Acupuncture and Meridian Symposium (ISAMS) 2019 Conference Abstracts2020-04-01
    JAMS

    Abstract : Korean medical therapy, which use high temperature heat energy, is a cauterization. Cauterization is application of a searing iron to destroy diseased tissue. High level lasers are medical devices that use high temperature heat energy. High level laser are medical devices in which cauterization is modified according to the change of the times. Various laser medical devices are being made to overcome the limitations of the cauterization such as permeability and selectivity.

  • International Scientific Acupuncture and Meridian Symposium (ISAMS) 2019 Conference Abstracts2020-04-01
    JAMS

    Abstract : Acupuncture originated within the auspices of Oriental medicine, and today is used as an alternative method for treating various diseases and symptoms. The physiological mechanisms of acupuncture appear to involve the release of endogenous opiates and neurotransmitters, with the signals mediating through electrical stimulation of the central nervous system (CNS). Earlier we reported a nanoporous stainless steel acupuncture needle with enhanced therapeutic properties, evaluated by electrophysiological and behavioral responses in Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats. Herein, we investigate molecular changes in colorectal cancer (CRC) rats by acupuncture treatment using the nanoporous needles. Treatment at acupoint HT7 is found most effective at reducing average tumor size, β-catenin expression levels, and the number of aberrant crypt foci in the colon endothelium. Surface modification of acupuncture needles further enhances the therapeutic effects of acupuncture treatment in CRC rats.

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  • International Scientific Acupuncture and Meridian Symposium (ISAMS) 2019 Conference Abstracts2020-04-01
    JAMS

    Abstract : Objective To evaluate the effect of different reflexology techniques on main clinical indices of patients with chronic migraine, the number of analgesics used and dynamics of chronic migraine comorbid disorders. Material and methods The study included 84 patients (60 women (71.5%) and 24 men (28.5%)), aged from 18 to 63 years, with a diagnosis of chronic migraine. Patients were randomized in 4 groups - Su Jok (n = 22), acupuncture (n = 22), electroacupuncture (n = 20), control (n = 20). Topiramate was administered in all groups in dose of 100 mg daily. Patients were evaluated before treatment, after 4 and 16 weeks from randomization. Results There was a marked regression in frequency of headache in reflexological groups in comparison with the control. The number of days with headache was 19 ± 1.12 at baseline and 6.57 ± 1.3 days after treatment in the Su Jok group; 21.6 ± 1.688 and 7 ± 1.786 days in the acupuncture group; 20.25 ± 1.97 and 5.75 ± 0.633 days in the electroacupuncture group. Each of the methods had an impact on various clinical aspects of chronic migraine and comorbid disorders: Su Jok was most effective in treatment of autonomic disorders, the use of acupuncture resulted in the significant reduction of headache intensity and regression of anxiety disorders. The electroacupuncture group showed a significant increase in pain threshold and the least number of days with headache per month. Conclusion Reflexotherapy is a method of choice in the complex treatment of patients with chronic migraine. Taking into account complex diagnosis, the individually oriented approach in prescribing of different reflexology techniques for successful treatment and subsequent rehabilitation of patients with chronic migraine is required

    Abstract
  • International Scientific Acupuncture and Meridian Symposium (ISAMS) 2019 Conference Abstracts2020-04-01
    JAMS

    Abstract : Pancreatic cancer is often accompanied by severe abdominal or back pain. It’s the first study to evaluate the analgesic effect of electroacupuncture on pancreatic cancer pain. A randomized controlled trial compared electroacupuncture with control acupuncture using the placebo needle. Methods: Sixty patients with pancreatic cancer pain were randomly assigned to the electroacupuncture group (n ¼ 30) and the placebo control group (n ¼ 30). Patients were treated on Jiaji (Ex-B2) points T8eT12 bilaterally for 30 min once a day for 3 days. Pain intensity was assessed with numerical rated scales (NRS) before the treatment (Baseline), after 3 treatments, and 2 days follow-up. Results: Baseline characteristics were similar in the two groups. After 3 treatment, pain intensity on NRS decreased compared with Baseline (1.67, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.46 to 1.87) in the electroacupuncture group; there was little change (0.13, 95% CI 0.08 to 0.35) in control group; the difference between two groups was statistically significant (P < 0.001). Follow-up also found a significant reduction in pain intensity in the electroacupuncture group compared with the control group (P < 0.001). Conclusions: Electroacupuncture was an effective treatment for relieving pancreatic cancer pain

    Abstract
  • International Scientific Acupuncture and Meridian Symposium (ISAMS) 2019 Conference Abstracts2020-04-01
    JAMS

    Abstract : With the rapid development of AI-related technologies, the importance of high quality big data, which is the core of AI development, is also rapidly increasing. Traditional medicine, however, has a lot of data generated depending on the five senses. In addition, these data are not collected quantitatively, and the level of standardization is also insufficient. This presentation shows how traditional medical treatment technology is currently prepared to participate in the AI era, and what needs to be supplemented in the future.

  • Abstract : Headache disorders are burdensome, both in terms of the number of people they affect, and in terms of associated healthcare spending. This report presents a 36-year-old female admitted to a tertiary university hospital with a primary complaint of intractable headache, caused by a combination of medication overuse headache, and headache secondary to aseptic meningitis. During her hospital stay, opioid analgesic doses were initially increased without success in an attempt to control her headache. Despite multiple medication trials the patient's headache failed to improve. On day ten of her hospitalization, she underwent a thirty-minute acupuncture session which resulted in immediate relief of her headache. She received one more acupuncture treatment the following day and was discharged to an acute inpatient rehabilitation facility on a vastly reduced dose of opioids. Instructions on how to taper the remaining opioids were provided, and the patient was scheduled for outpatient acupuncture therapy sessions for further headache management. This report demonstrates the importance of recognizing acupuncture as a viable treatment option for medication overuse headache and for headache secondary to systemic diseases such as aseptic meningitis. Furthermore, acupuncture should also be considered as a nonpharmacological modality to be used when tapering a patient off of high doses of opioids.

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  • Case Report2020-04-01

    A Case Study: Effects of Foot Reflexotherapy in an Infant with Sensorineural Hearing Loss

    Yujun Lee1*, Qingchun Pan3, Ying Du2, Lantu Zhang4, Chunlin Li5, Minyong Hu5, Mingxian Li6, Bei Li3

    Abstract : Sensoryneuronal hearing loss (SNHL) is one type of hearing impairment. The incidence of hearing loss (HL) is 1–3 per 1000 births. Complementary therapies may be effective in addressing the maladies of infants with HL. The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy of foot reflexotherapy in an infant with SNHL. The patient was a 3-month-old infant with SNHL. Pretest and post-test for HL were conducted using an audiologic method (auditory brainstem responses) combined with behavioral audiometry. The subject was treated with foot reflexotherapy for 30 min per session four times per week for a period of 24 weeks. Foot reflexotherapy was effective in auditory recuperation of an infant with SNHL. The results of this novel study suggest that foot reflexotherapy can be an effective complementary treatment for infants with SNHL, especially for those 3 to 9 months of age.

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Journal Info

JOURNAL OF MICROBIOLOGY AND BIOTECHNOLOGY
February, 2021
Vol.14 No.1

pISSN 2005-2901
eISSN 2093-8152

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  • Research Article2020-08-01

    Wet Cupping Therapy Improves the Parameters of Ventricular Repolarization

    Mustafa Çelik 1, *, Hasan E. Yücel 2, Serkan Sivri 1, Erdogan Sökmen ? 1, Cahit Uçar 2

    Abstract : Background: Cupping therapy (CT) is an ancient medical treatment since antiquity and is used for the treatment of such various disease states as contagious diseases, chronic or acute inflammatory disease, and autoimmune disorders. Ventricular repolarization is represented by QT and corrected-QT (QTc) intervals from surface electrocardiography. Objectives: As novel repolarization parameters, Tpeak-toTend (Tp-Te) interval, and Tp-Te/QT and Tp-Te/ QTc ratios are suggested to correlate better with ventricular arrhythmia risk in various clinical conditions than sole QT and QTc intervals. In this study, we aimed to determine whether these parameters changed significantly after CT in healthy individuals. Methods: One hundred and twenty participants (57 women and 63 men; mean age: 49.0 ± 13.0 years) participated in this study. ECGs strips were recorded 1 hour before and 1 hour after CT from each participant, and relevant ECG parameters were compared. Results: Tp-Te interval [69.51 ± 11.54 msec vs 63.15 ± 10.89 msec, p = 0.001], Tp-Te/QT ratio [0.191 ± 0.030 vs 0.174 ± 0.031, p = 0.002] and Tp-Te/QTc ratio [0.175 ± 0.030 vs 0.159 ± 0.026, p = 0.001] were found to be significantly decreased 1 hour after the procedure compared with the pre-procedure values. However, no statistically significant change was observed in mean heart rate, QT and QTc intervals, QT/ QRS and cQT/QRS, and frontal QRS/T angle after the procedure compared with the same parameters before the procedure (p > 0.05). Conclusions: In accordance with the results of our study, it is plausible to conclude that CT may exert cardioprotective effect. However, larger scale prospective studies are needed to support our findings.

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  • Research Article2020-10-01

    The Effect of Laser Acupuncture on Spasticity in Children with Spastic Cerebral Palsy

    Dian E. Putri 1, *, Adiningsih Srilestari 1, Kemas Abdurrohim 1, Irawan Mangunatmadja 2, Luh K. Wahyuni 3

    Abstract : Background: Spasticity in cerebral palsy is one of the most common disabilities of children in developing countries. Objectives: The objective of this study was to determine the efficacy of laser acupuncture on spasticity in children with spastic cerebral palsy. Methods: This clinical trial was conducted on 60 patients with spastic cerebral palsy at 2 to 10 years. The patients were categorized into two groups: the control group and treatment group. Laser acupuncture was applied on GV20, GV14, LI4, GB34, and LR3 (power 50 mW, 785 nm, 1 Joule, 40 seconds) three times a week for 12 sessions in the treatment group and placebo laser acupuncture on the same points in the control group. The spasticity was measured using the Modified Ashworth Scale before and after complete sessions. Results: The results showed that there was a significant reduction in the Modified Ashworth Scale score in the treatment group compared with the control group (p = 0.003). Conclusions: This study suggest that laser acupuncture on GV20, GV14, LI4, GB34, and LR3 can reduce spasticity for children with spastic cerebral palsy.

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  • International Scientific Acupuncture and Meridian Symposium (ISAMS) 2019 Conference Abstracts2020-04-01

    Abstract : With thousands of years evolution, the human body has developed self-healing properties to recover from disorders. Theoretically, many alternative medicines may work to activate / enhance this self-regulation process. In my talk, I will introduce recent studies on the effects and brain mechanisms of acupuncture, mind-body exercise (Tai Chi and Baduanjin), and imagery on both experimental and chronic pain. Findings of these studies suggest that different alternative interventions may share a common network through which to relieve pain.

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  • Research Article2020-03-20
    JAMS

    Effectiveness of Acupuncture in Dental Surgery: A Randomized Clinical Trial Crossover Study

    Maria L.B. Gila*, Luide M.R.F. Marinhob, Márcio de Moraesb, Ronaldo S. Wadaa, Francisco C. Groppoc, Jorge E. Satod, Maria da L.R. de Sousaa*

    Abstract : AimThe objective of this crossover clinical study was to evaluate the effectiveness of energy regulation with acupuncture in clinical occurrences in impacted lower third molar surgeries.MethodsThe sample consisted of 22 patients with two impacted third molars, in symmetrical position; divided into two groups: Test Group with real energy regulation group and sham group with acupuncture without energy regulation function. The extraction was performed 30 days apart. Energy flow (Ryodoraku Method) and energy regulation performed before extraction were measured. Heart rate (HR) and Blood Pressure (BP) were evaluated before and after energy regulation and after surgery, residual edema was measured by facial measurements (angle of the mandible to tragus (A-T); angle of the mandible to labial commissure (A-LC); angle of the mandible to the wing of the nose (A-WN); angle of the mandible to the corner of the eye (A-CE); angle of the mandible to the chin (AC); and mouth opening by the interincisal distance, before and after seven days of surgery. To quantify intraoperative bleeding (ml), blood was aspirated along with the saline solution using a portable vacuum pump adaptor. The amount of saline solution used was subtracted from the final amount of aspirated fluid.ResultsMean of bleeding was lower in test group (p = 0.0392). There were significant differences between groups in facial distances: A-LC (p = 0.010), A-WN (p = 0.030) and A-C (p = 0.008).ConclusionEnergy regulation with real acupuncture was effective in reducing postoperative residual edema and intraoperative bleeding.

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  • Research Paper2019-08-01

    Changes in Heart Rate Variability in Patients with Spleen-Qi Deficiency Syndrome

    Agnese Olivera-Toro1, Rubén Fossion34, Lei Li56, Rosa E. López-Gómez1, Emma López-Espinosa1, Ismael Jiménez-Estrada7, Salvador Quiroz-González12*

    Abstract : Many functional diseases are related to dysautonomia, and heart rate variability has been used to assess dysautonomia. However, heart rate variability has not been studied in Spleen-Qi deficiency syndrome (SQDS). Healthy volunteers (n = 37) and patients with SQDS (n = 67), recruited from the Clinic of the State University of Ecatepec Valley were included in the study. Outcome measures were average heart rate, standard deviation of the normal-to-normal heartbeat intervals, low frequency (LF), high frequency (HF) power, and the LF/HF ratio. Also, intestinal peristalsis, gastrointestinal symptoms (GSs), fatigue, and level of attention were measured. Standard deviation of the normal-to-normal heartbeat intervals (17 ± 2.3%) and HF (14 ± 3.1%) were lower in SQDS patients (17 ± 1.3%) than in healthy volunteers. SQDS patients had higher heart rate, LF power, LF/HF ratio, and fatigue scores (9.6 ± 1.12%, 16 ± 2.1%, 22 ± 3.8%, and 21 ± 4.1%). The fatigue correlated positively with the LF/HF ratio and negatively with HF power. The SQDS group had lower concentration performance (16.2 ± 1.9%) in the d2 test. The intestinal peristalsis showed a reduction (15 ± 1.3%) as compared with control. GS score and peristalsis correlated negatively with HF. Our results suggest that the pathology of SDQS could be associated with a low vagal tone which causes a decrease in peristalsis, increased fatigue, reduced attention, and appearance of GSs.

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  • Research Article2019-04-01

    The Effect of Manual Acupressure (Point BL32) on Pain Associated with Intramuscular Injections of Magnesium Sulfate

    Seyed S. Najafi1, Setareh Nazaribin2, Marzieh Momennasab1*, Amin Kordi Yoosefinejad3

    Abstract : The aim of this study was determining the effect of acupressure on the severity of pain associated with intramuscular injections of magnesium sulfate administered by the Z-track technique in patients with eclampsia and preeclampsia. Forty-eight patients participated in this single-group clinical trial, which was conducted in three stages. For each patient, three intramuscular injections were administered by the Z-track technique. The first injection was administered by the conventional method. The second injection at a sham control point and the third injection using acupressure (BL32) were administered. Pain severity was measured on a visual analogue scale. The mean pain intensity was 7.22 in the first, 4.75 in the second and 1.94 in the third injections (p < 0.001). The results of the study showed that acupressure at the BL32 point before intramuscular injection of magnesium sulfate significantly reduced the injection-related pain.

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